What unleashes innovations in the Legumes and Cereals farming Systems in the drylands: A gendered perspective

Jummai Yila1*; Esther Njuguna1; Dina Najjar2; Millicent Liani1; Avishek Bose1; Almamy Sylla1; Eliyas Gohannes3; Patti Petesch4 1ICRISAT; 2ICARDA; 3Private Consultant, Ethiopia; 4GENNOVATE Expert Advisor and CIMMYT Associate Researcher Corresponding author email:J.O.Yila@cgiar.org Agricultural and natural resource management innovations have often been introduced, promoted and adopted among local communities/farmers. However, how the innovation process is perceived by men and women, the relationships involved, the distribution of benefits and the differing capacities of women and men to take advantage of the new opportunities…

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Research-and-development partnerships for the out scaling of proven technologies of millet and sorghum in Mali

NZUNGIZE John1; Felix Badolo1; Malick Niango Ba2 and Ramadjita Tabo1. 1ICRISAT-Bamako, Mali; 2ICRISAT-Naiamey, Niger Lead author email: J.Nzungize@cgiar.org The objective of this work is to improve production systems based on sorghum and pearl millet in the Mopti and Sikasso regions of Mali by strengthened research-and-development partnerships for large-scale utilization of proven technologieswith potential to improve nutrition, to benefit women and children, and to enhance the sustainability of smallholder agriculture.  At the farm level, the focus has been to improve production…

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LeasyScan: Combining 3D imaging and lysimetry to phenotype traits controlling plant water budget

Vincent Vadez1; Jana Kholova1; SK Gupta1; Tom Hash1; Rekha Baddham1; Uladzimir Zhokavets2; Gregoire Hummel21ICRISAT-Patancheru, India; 2Phenospex, Jan Campertstraat, The Netherlands Corresponding author email: v.vadez@cgiar.org Click to download The genomics revolution has given hope that breeding would become easier and more efficient. Relevant phenotyping is now a main bottleneck and new technologies provide opportunities for easier, faster, more sensitive and more informative phenotyping. However, the development of automated phenotyping has to be driven by scientific questions rather than by a technological…

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Accelerating pace of cultivar development using genomics and molecular breeding in pearl millet

Rakesh K. Srivastava1; Charles Thomas Hash1; Rajeev K. Varshney1; Rajaram Vengaldas1; Mahesh Mahendrakar1; Ramana Kumari Basava1,2; Abhishek Ratore1; Rajan Sharma1; Shashi K. Gupta1; C. Tara Satyavathi3; Nepolean Thirunavukkarasu1,3; Senthilvel Senapathy1,4; Maria A. Kolesnikova-Allen5; Kavi Kishor P.B.2; Witcombe J.R.6; Rattan Yadav7; Hari P Yadav8 1ICRISAT-Patancheru, Telangana; 2Osmania University, Hyderabad, India; 3Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI), New Delhi, India; 4Indian Institute of Oilseeds Research (IIOR), Hyderabad, India; 5Tun Abdul Razak Research Centre, Hertford, United Kingdom; 6Centre for Advanced Research in International Agricul­tural…

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Transforming the post-rainy sorghum production systems for enhanced productivity

A Ashok Kumar1; Belum VS Reddy1; Sharad R. Gadakh2; Uttam Chavan2 and HV Kalpande3; Ambika More3; RL Aundhekar3 and ST Borikar3 1ICRISAT-Patancheru, India; 2Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth (MPKV), Maharashtra, India; 3Vasantrao Naik Marathwada Krishi Vidyapeeth, Maharashtra, India Corresponding author email: a.ashokkumar@cgiar.org Click to download Post-rainy sorghum is a major food and fodder crop in the Deccan Plateau of India, particularly in the drylands. The crop is grown purely on residual moisture on black soils wherein the average rainfall during the…

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Marker-assisted backcrossing (MABC) for the development of improved shoot fly (Atherigona soccata) resistant sorghum varieties

Sunita Gorthy1;2; Lakshmi Narasu2; Santosh Deshpande1; Hari Chand Sharma1; G Anil Kumar1 and A Ashok Kumar1  1ICRISAT-Telangana, India; 2Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Telangana, India Corresponding author email: a.ashokkumar@cgiar.org Shoot fly (Atherigona soccata L. Moench) is a major biotic constraint in sorghum production leading to the reduction of sorghum yield in many areas of the world. Improvement in shoot fly resistance for target component traits is one of the important objectives of sorghum breeding programs. In this study, we used MABC…

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Innovative seed consortium for thriving the post-rainy sorghum seed chain

A Ashok Kumar1*; Ch Ravinder Reddy1; Belum VS Reddy1; Sharad R. Gadakh2; Uttam Chavan2 and HV Kalpande3 1ICRISAT-Patancheru, India; 2Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth (MPKV), Maharashtra, India; 3Vasantrao Naik Marathwada Krishi Vidyapeeth, Maharashtra, India Corresponding author email: a.ashokkumar@cgiar.org Click to download Postrainy sorghum is critical for the sustenance of dryland farmers in the Maharashtra state of India wherein OPVs are the cultivar choice. However, the seed replacement ratio was very low (20%) leading to low on-farm productivity (0.6 t ha-1). To…

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Improving charcoal rot tolerance in sorghum

Rajan Sharma; A Ashok Kumar; S Gopalakrishnan 1International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Patancheru, India Lead author email: r.sharma@cgiar.org Click to download Charcoal rot caused by Macrophomina phaseolina is a major disease of sorghum in the post-rainy season that affects grain production and fodder quality. Thus, attempts were made to identify charcoal rot resistance in sorghum and biocontrol agents effective against the pathogen for the management of this disease. A total of 581 sorghum lines including 78…

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Identification of QTLs and genes for grain Fe and Zn concentration in sorghum

Anuradha Kotla1; Rahul Phuke1;4; Hariprasanna K2; Shivaji P. Mehtre3; Abhishek Rathore1; Farzana Jabeen4; Santosh P. Deshpande1and A. Ashok Kumar1* 1ICRISAT-Patancheru, India; 2Indian Institute of Millets Research, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad, India; 3Vasantrao Naik Marathwada Krishi Vidyapeeth, Maharashtra, India; 4Professor Jayashankar Telangana State Agricultural University, Hyderabad, India Corresponding author email: a.ashokkumar@cgiar.org Sorghum is a major food crop in the semi-arid tropics of Africa and Asia.  There is no report of QTLs controlling grain Fe/Zn in sorghum so far. To identify genomic regions associated…

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Genetic inheritance of shoot fly resistance, morphological and agronomic traits of sorghum

Riyazaddin Mohammed1,2, Are Ashok Kumar1, Rajendra S. Munghate1, Polavarapu B. Kavi Kishor2, Hari C. Sharma1*  1ICRISAT-Patancheru, India; 2Department of Genetics, Osmania University, Hyderabad, Telangana, India Corresponding author email: h.sharma@cgiar.org Sorghum shoot fly, Atherigona soccata is an important seedling pest that influences the grain productivity in sorghum across the production environment. Shoot fly resistance in sorghum is a complex trait with quantitative inheritance. To understand the trait better, generation mean analysis was performed using two different crosses IS 18551 × Swarna…

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DRYLAND CEREALS
The CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Cereals (Dryland Cereals) is a partnership between two members of the CGIAR Consortium – ICRISAT (lead center), and ICARDA, along with a number of public and private institutes and organizations, governments, and farmers globally.
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