Improved breeding efficiency for enhanced productivity frontier of post-rainy sorghum

A Ashok Kumar1; HC Sharma1; Rajan Sharma1; Vincent Vadez1; Santosh Deshpande1; Jana Kholova1; Sunita Gorthy1; Mohammad Riyazaddin1; Kotla Anuradha1; Prabhakar B2; HS Talwar2; R Madhusudhana2; HV Kalpande3; SR Gadakh4; ST Kajjidoni5; Gowri Sajjanar6 Belum VS Reddy1 and Michael Blummel7 1ICRISAT-Patancheru, India; 2Center for Rabi Sorghum (ICAR-IIMR), Maharashtra, India; 3Vasantrao Naik Marathwada Krishi Vidyapeeth (VNMKV), Maharashtra, India; 4Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth (MPKV), Maharashtra, India; 5University of Agricultural Sciences (UAS), Dharwad, India; 6University of Agricultural Sciences (UAS), Dharwad – RARS, Bijapur, India;…

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Steps towards making Pearl Millet more Climate Smart and Nutrition Rich for SA and ESA markets

SK GUPTA International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Patancheru 502 324, Telangana, India Following the strategy of demand-driven research, efforts were made through all the possible interventions viz. breeding, genomics, phenomics, crop management and processing linked technologies to increase the productivity of pearl millet crop in the SA and ESA region. This product line targets India in SA, and Tanzania and Uganda in ESA regions. Through consultation process with partners, priority traits were identified, like disease…

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Barley research for development under Dryland Cereals

Barley research for development was reorganized at ICARDA under the CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Cereals, to address the requirements of North and East Africa, Central, West and South Asia regions. The baseline survey, regional information workshops and focal countries review meeting were conducted to get the research prioritization for barley in extension and second phase of the CRP. Germplasm improvement and evaluation to address the feed, forage, food and malting successfully organized utilizing the complementing capabilities of focal countries.…

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Improving nutritional security with productive and nutritious finger millet production technologies for ESA

Henry Ojulong1, Eric Manyasa1, Chris Oduori2, Elias Letayo3, Nelson Wanyera4, Taye Tadesse5, Patrick Sheunda1, Daniel Ajaku1, Joseph Kibuka1 1ICRISAT-Nairobi; 2KALRO, Kenya; 3DRD, Tanzania; 4NaSARRI, Uganda, 5EIAR, Ethiopia Finger millet improvement program is geared to germplasm collection and characterization, validation and promotion of Good Agricultural Practices, improving post-harvest handling and value addition. Since 2012, 721 accessions were collected from Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda, and more than 1000 accessions have been characterized. More than ten sources each for resistance/tolerance to…

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Drought tolerant, highly productive multi-use sorghum varieties for food and processing uses in the dry lowlands of East Africa

Eric Manyasa1, Henry Ojulong1, Samuel Njoroge2, Patrick Sheunda1, Daniel Ajaku1, Joseph Kibuka1   E.Manyasa@Cgiar.Org     1ICRISAT-Nairobi; 2ICRISAT-Malawi   Sorghum research in ESA targets the entire value chain to increase productivity, production and profitability through development, promotion and uptake of new sorghum cultivars and management options, postharvest and value addition and improving farmer access to markets. Sorghum-based production systems were characterized to establish determinants of the differences in productivity parameters within and between target areas to help the design, implementation…

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Improving food security for smallholder farmers in West and Central Africa with productive and nutritious pearl millet

Ba M; Gangashetty P; Fatondji D; Hakeem A; Angarawai I; Nzungize J; Singbo A; Badolo F; Hash CT; Okwach G and Tabo R. ICRISAT Pearl millet is the staple cereal crop over the entire Sahelian zone of WCA. Although this crop is exceptionally adapted to the region, productivity is still very low due to several constraints. Priority setting and adoption studies showed that the rate of adoption of improved varieties varies between 13% and 35% across the region with…

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Progress in supporting sorghum famers’ transition from subsistence to market orientation in West & Central Africa

Aboubacar TOURE ICRISAT-Mali, Bamako From 2012 to 2016 great progress has been made to support sorghum famers’ transition from subsistence to market orientation in West and Central Africa with improved crop productivity, natural resource management and economic growth of farming systems centered on the crop and livestock.  Improved farmer-preferred varieties and hybrid were developed. Over 30A/B pairs were developed and more than 200 hybrids are tested to establish solid heterotic group for the region. 600 F2 families from biparental…

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Is Gender voice ‘unheard’ in breeding processes? A review

Krista Isaacs1 and Esther Njuguna2 1ICRISAT Mali; ICRISAT Nairobi Corresponding author email: Click to download In theory, participatory research is a process of inquiry between scientists and communities that aims to resolve problems through an interactive process of discovery, empowerment, knowledge sharing, and action. Inherent in the theoretical PR approach is the inclusion of marginalized voices to ensure that everyone’s inputs and needs are met. In the 1970s and 1980s, PR was adapted to agricultural research and development (R&D)…

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Little things matter

Little things matter. The negative role of cultural gender norms in up-taking agricultural innovations in Tanzania Kamanzi Adalbertus1*; Esther Njuguna2; Patti Petesch3 1 Tanzania Research Institute; 2 International Crops Research Institute for the Semi Arid Tropica; 3GENNOVATE Expert Advisor and CIMMYT Associate Researcher Corresponding author email: The main argument is that most cultural gender norms have a negative influence in the uptake of agricultural innovations. The findings are derived from research work conducted in Tanzania using the GENNOVATE methodology.…

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How do agricultural innovations influence socio-economic hierarchies in rural agricultural communities? Findings from rural Rajasthan

Dina Najjar1* and Bipasha Baruah2 1ICARDA; 2University of Western Ontario, Canada Lead author email:; Click to download Most social science research on agricultural development in the past few decades emphasizes that agricultural innovations (technological, social and financial) end up reinforcing existing socio-economic hierarchies in that better resourced, typically men and people from socially privileged groups, are able to reap more of the benefits while less resourced farmers, such as women and people from less privileged groups, are marginalized further,…

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The CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Cereals (Dryland Cereals) is a partnership between two members of the CGIAR Consortium – ICRISAT (lead center), and ICARDA, along with a number of public and private institutes and organizations, governments, and farmers globally.
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